Assimilating and accommodating
He developed the ELT theory in order to explain the connections between the human developmental stages of maturation, learning processes, and experiences.
He believes that experience shapes the way learners grasp knowledge, which then affects their cognitive development.
The experiential learning theory proposes that the learning cycle varies according to individuals’ learning style and the learning context in which they are participating (p. Kolb (1984) proposes that learners, through their choice of experience, program themselves to grasp reality through varying degrees and then transform their reality.
The self-programming through experience determines the extent to which the learner will emphasize the four modes of the learning process (p. To assess individual orientations towards the four modes of the learning process, Kolb developed the Learning Style Inventory (LSI).
They tend to be effective in information and science careers.
Lectures, readings, having time to think things through, and exploring analytical models are examples of some of the ways an assimilator prefers to learn (Kolb & Kolb, 2005, p. Converging An individual with a converging style has AC and AE as dominant learning abilities.
It is the process of gaining knowledge from experience and applying it to education, work, and development.
Kolb’s theory draws on the origins of experiential learning from the works of the prominent 20th century scholars Dewey, Lewin, and Piaget (Kolb 1984), and develops a holistic model of the experiential learning process and a multi-linear model of adult development (Kolb & Kolb, 2005).
The Kolb ELT model (1984) outlines the following four adaptive approaches to learning: concrete experience (CE), reflective observation (RO), abstract conceptualization (AC), and active experimentation (AE).
It also defines four distinct Kolb’s (1984) experiential learning theory consists of a four stage learning cycle where a learner will encounter all four stages of the cycle in varying degrees: experiencing, reflecting, thinking, and acting; however, at the most basic level, a learner will generally show a preference or strength in only one of the stages.
Much of Kolb’s research on the experiential learning theory focuses on the concept of learning style, using the Learning Style Inventory to assess individual learning styles and to help individuals identify the way they learn from experience.
The LSI is based on Kolb’s experiential learning theory and is unique from other tests of learning style used in education because it draws upon a comprehensive theory of learning and development (Kolb & Kolb, 2005, p. The concept of learning style describes individual differences in learning based on the learner’s preference for using different modes of the learning cycle.People with this learning style are best at viewing concrete situations from many different points of view.They tend to have broad cultural interests and like to gather information.They are interested in people, tend to be imaginative and emotional, and often specialize in the arts.